Over time, individuals with type 1 diabetes may experience complications that can impact vital organs within the body, including the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys. Maintaining normal blood sugar levels can significantly reduce the risk of encountering these complications.

Diabetes complications possess the potential to lead to disabilities or even pose life-threatening risks.

One of the major concerns related to diabetes is heart and blood vessel disease. This condition elevates the chances of developing problems such as angina (chest pain), heart attacks, strokes, atherosclerosis (narrowing of the arteries), and high blood pressure.

Excessive blood sugar can cause nerve damage (neuropathy) by injuring the delicate capillaries that supply the nerves, particularly in the legs. This can result in sensations of tingling, numbness, burning, or pain. Typically, these symptoms initiate at the extremities and gradually progress upwards. Inadequate control of blood sugar levels can eventually lead to a complete loss of sensation in the affected limbs.

Moreover, damage to the nerves that regulate the digestive system can lead to complications such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation. Men may also experience erectile dysfunction.

Diabetes can adversely affect the kidneys (nephropathy) by impairing the millions of tiny blood vessels responsible for preventing waste from entering the bloodstream. This can ultimately result in kidney failure or end-stage kidney disease that is irreversible. Treatment options for end-stage kidney disease include dialysis or kidney transplantation.

The eyes are also susceptible to damage caused by diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy refers to the impairment of blood vessels in the retina, which can lead to vision loss and even blindness. Additionally, diabetes heightens the risk of other serious vision conditions like cataracts and glaucoma.

Individuals with diabetes may face foot complications due to nerve damage or inadequate blood circulation in the feet. Without proper treatment, minor cuts or blisters can develop into severe infections, potentially necessitating amputation of the toes, foot, or leg.

Diabetes can also increase susceptibility to skin and oral infections, including bacterial and fungal infections. Additionally, gum disease and dry mouth are more likely to occur.

During pregnancy, poorly controlled blood sugar levels can pose dangers for both the parent and the baby. Diabetes raises the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, and birth defects. The parent may also face complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis, diabetic retinopathy, pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, and preeclampsia.

Dr. Mangaiyarkkarasi Sivakumar, an Endocrinology specialist, offers diabetes treatment to residents in Kendall Park, Monmouth Junction, Helmetta, East Brunswick, Monroe Township, South Brunswick Township, Dayton, and other areas of New Jersey.

VCare Diabetes Care in Dayton,NJ Book an Appointment / Call (888) 460 1151 / Walk-Ins also available